Aquatic World Building

whale-in-bag

To this point in my writing career I’ve written three novels.   The first one was a forgettable piece of drivel set mostly in Calgary Alberta in the 1970s.    I won’t even name it here.   The second novel “A Walk in the Thai Sun” was set in Thailand in the 1980s.   In both cases I had lived in those environments and was writing about what I knew.   I could focus on the invention of character and story because there was no need to invent  the world they lived in.   When I began work on the Fahr Trilogy in 2009 I needed to build a world that the characters could inhabit and in which I could tell their tale.

I didn’t make it easy on myself.  When I decided to write science fiction I wanted to avoid some of the clichés of the genre.   The first of these involves what I will call “worm holes,” the idea that space travel could ignore the laws of physics by finding some gap in the space/time continuum that would allow near instantaneous journeys to any part of the galaxy or beyond.   This particular invention has fuelled many a space opera and is certainly an easy way to avoid the implications of centuries-long space journeys.   It also allows us to get together with aliens from the far-flung reaches of space with relative ease.  It’s become so universally adopted that few science fiction authors even think twice about using it.   I wanted to write about aliens who take a very long time to get to the Earth.

Over the history of science fiction there have been quite a few different reasons for aliens to visit our planet but these broadly fall into one of two categories, hostile and friendly.    The hostile motivation is conquer and pillage, a sort of Attila the Hun with tentacles.   “War of the Worlds” is the template but there have been hundreds of variations on this.   Included in this broad category is pretty much anything hostile, which would include attempts to take our resources, enslave our race, take the planet… you get the general idea.

Under the friendly category is the idea of aliens living secretly among us for study purposes or even openly befriending us.    Included in this is what I call “the God syndrome” where  a highly advanced alien race makes contact with a kind of mentoring relationship in mind.  They’re saving us from ourselves.  Arthur C.Clark’s “Childhoods End” would be an example of this.

What I wanted was a bit more novel reason for aliens to visit the planet.    What I came up with was pet collecting, a species that travels throughout the galaxy looking for pets, more specifically pets that can sing.

This was the beginning of the world building process, an alien species that engaged in long interstellar voyages to collect pets.  I liked the idea but it also didn’t make any sense.    Such voyages would be expensive, time consuming and dangerous and they’re going to do that just find singing animals?  There had to be more to it than that.

I was, at the time, employed by Canada Post as a letter carrier, a blue-collar occupation that made no sense for a person with a master’s degree, except for one thing.  It was a job that you didn’t have to take home with you and, in that respect it was the perfect job for a writer.   I know a lot of professionals that put in sixty-hour workweeks.   They earn good money and have a certain level of prestige, but lack the time to put into a substantive hobby like writing.  There was another advantage to being a letter carrier.  Once you were out of the station the job was almost automatic and gave you plenty of time to think.   I used that time to world build.

I made three early decisions, all of which had huge implications.   The first was that the Fahr were an aquatic species.  The second was that they were extremely long-lived, the very reason they could do marathon interstellar voyages.   The third decision involved their relationship to song.   Exposure to song causes sexual arousal–although strictly speaking this was not sexual in the sense that it did not involve reproductively—and such exposer also caused an extreme form of pleasurable impairment.  So in effect what the Fahr were doing on these long interstellar journeys was seeking out addictive sonic drugs, ones they could sell at a high price when they returned home.  Humpback whales, with songs clocking in at 20+ minutes and a marvels of sonic composition, became the ultimate prize.

When I decided to write science fiction this was a genre switch for me.   I’d read a lot of it as a kid and as a young adult but I had drifted away from it, as I got older.   Reacquainting myself with the genre was another thing I did quite a bit of while I was in this world-building phase.  I read about fifty novels and short stories and all of them had one thing in common.   They were populated by terrestrial characters moving about in terrestrial environments.   Even in the case of characters in zero-gravity space ships, you were still dealing with characters whose natural environment was terrestrial and whose movements on the spaceship’s zero gravity environment reflected that.   More importantly most of these characters were human or humanoid.   The fantasy novels that I read during this period all had creatures like dwarves, elves, wizards and trolls walking about in those same terrestrial environments.  Humanoid characters.

Having humanoid characters gives the writer a huge advantage, you can use human physicality to display emotion.   They can smile, shuffle their feet, turn away, grimace, frown, cry, etcetera.   Every reader will understand these expressions and that makes them easy for the writer to use.   But what happens if the creatures do not express emotions in this way?

Picture yourself walking down the street and entering a pet shop.   There on the counter is a solitary goldfish in a large bowl.   You study it trying to determine emotions the goldfish is experiencing by looking at its facial expressions and the movement of its fins.    You get nothing.   To you it looks like a simple emotionless creature, but is it?   Or is this just a case where we lack the ability to perceive something that would be perfectly obvious to another goldfish?   We already know that other animals do a lot of communication through scent, various behaviours, vocalizations and the ways in which they display.   If we study those for long enough we can learn what those mean but we won’t have an intuitive understanding of them, especially for animals more distantly related to us.

A major challenge for me in this world-building exercise was coming up with an emotional display system for a species that was essentially a super intelligent fish.  If you haven’t read “Planet Song” and want to get some idea of what I’m talking about check out the entry under The Fahr entitled “Modern Fahr Physiology: The Display of Emotion.”   The downside of this is that I don’t have the benefit of the reader intuitively understanding what I’m doing here.   What that means is that, as a writer, I had to find a way of immersing the reader in the Fahr emotional reality without resorting to a lot of exposition.  Tricky.

The second major challenge exasperates the first.   My solution to the problem of centuries-long space voyages was to have the Fahr live extremely long lives.  They live an average of seventy millennia, which makes them close to immortal from the human perspective.   The novel itself takes place over a thousand years.   That in turn means that the story is told largely from the Fahr perspective.  The Fahr characters are ongoing whereas the human characters are subject to generational die off.    So in “Planet Song” you have an alien contact story told largely from the alien point of view.   It isn’t until the last twenty percent of the story that consistent human characters make an appearance.

I spent about two years delivering mail and building the Fahr world in my head.  By the time I started writing the novel in 2012, I knew pretty much everything I needed to know about the Fahr.   I had constructed an elaborate history, developed a religion for them, fleshed out Fahr societal norms, explored the tensions in their politics and, most importantly, mapped out the destructive effects that song addiction was having on their society.

Without doing the world building in advance I doubt if I could have written this book.   With it I had a logical framework within which to place the story and the characters.  Doing the world building before writing the story gave me the rules of engagement.